Kilims are woven carpets which are mostly produced in Anatolia.Kilims and kilim rugs are flat woven fabric and, other than knotted carpets, do not have a pile since they are woven and not produced with nodes.
In many parts of Anatolia, the culture, traditions and customs of a region are reflected on the kilim rugs, saddlebags and sacks . Motifs, colors and patterns are reflections of the weavers state of mind. Anatolia is famous for oriental rugs and the carpets often carry the name of their village of origin (Esme, Karasu, Emirdağ), sometimes combined with the name of the tribes (Avsar, Berihan, Kirkitli).
Anatolian kilims are divided into four classes according to the vegetable dyes used and the motifs used in the respective area:
- Turkmen kilims
- Nomad kilims
- Kurdish kilims
- Turkish kilims
The motifs of the kilims vary according to the region it comes from, as well as the contemporary culture of its time of origin, the customs and traditions, as well as the rug weaver’s emotions and circumstances of life. According to these aspects, five groups of motifs are predominantly used in Anatolian rugs and kilims:
1. Animal Motifs: While the bird motif is the most widely used, different bugs and dragons are also used as motivs on carpets and kilims.
2. Plant Motifs: Tree, leaf, flower and fruit motifs
3. Geometric patterns: The most common shapes, triangle, square, rectangular, and equilateral rectangular shapes. Geometric patterns are especially popular since they are the easiest to weave.
4. Symbolic Motifs: Motifs symbolizing the forces of nature and reflect the feelings and thoughts of the weaver.
Especially popular is the Çengel şekilli süsleme, symbolizing the “bad eye”.
5. Mixed Motifs: Medallion, pin, hook, columns, articles, letters, vases, etc.