Alexa The Orient Bazar
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  • March 07, 2018

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    What is Jijim Rug

    Kilim, jijim, sileh and soumak techniques are the main elements in hand weaving. Jijim Rugs are one of the most preferred and popular rugs of our shop.

    Nowadays, with the development of technology, hand weaving has faced to disappear.

    It is very important to choose quality tools and to catch the desired form of production for keeping the hand weaving live. To be able to use tools properly, knowing looms, knowing their properties increase the quality.

    In order to develop the production in the desired quality and capacity, it is inevitable necessity to know the properties of weaving looms and information about looms and weaves. Weaving Jijim Rugs is different than other type of rugs.

     

    Weaving with “ Kirkit ” :

    “Kirkit “is a tool used to tighten the weft yarn and loops. And the hand weavings that are done by using this “ kirkit “ tool

    are called Textiles with “Kirkit “.

     Jijim Rugs

    History of Hand weaving:

     

    Weaving is one of the very oldest arts. Hominids used animal hides to protect their bodies from external factors.

    Hominids learned to weave, first with animal hides and afterwards with plant stems and fibers. Weaving starting with plant stems, improved and became wool and cotton weaving in today’s textile.

    Since the fibers, obtained in that time, were not long it was not suitable for weaving.

    Making thread by adding plant or animal fibers together is an important invention because this let to make desired length of weaving.

    The oldest known carpet, was woven in Central Asia BC between 5-3 centuries. And the carpet known as the oldest had taken the name of region where it was woven – PAZIRIK rug.

    Turks are the ones who found and developed weavings with “Kirkit “. Weavings with “Kirkit “ (kilim-jijim-soumak-sileh,

    carpets), spread to the world by the immigration of Turks from Central Asia.

    People felt the need to cover and spread in the laying of living places. It is thought that they first made kilim rugs by passing wool yarns one over the other among the others, and then

    they found the carpet by knotting short wool yarns between them.

     

    Weaving in Anatolia is a hand craft, that has been a source of livelihood in many parts of the world.

    Kilim, jijim, sileh, soumak and carpet have been woven in various regions of Turkey.

     

    Due to Turkey's various natural conditions and since Turkey had been a home to various cultures throughout history, the weavings, weaving techniques and designs are very rich.

     

    Since they show regions’ features and are traditionally made, we can see that patterns are similar, there may be slightly changes on patterns.

    For this reason, it is difficult to characterize them according to historical dates.

     Jijim rugs

    TYPES of Weaving:

    Plain weaving with “Kirkit “is arranged as Kilim, Jijim, Sileh, Soumak, Carpet. Kilim is divided into different groups according to its weaving features. Jijim varies in its weaving characteristics. Soumak has been woven in four types. Soumak is commonly used as a supportive ornament.

    Even though plain weaving with “Kirkit “, are formed by different weaving techniques, it is known by the name “ Kilim ” . But this is a wrong information. In terms of weaving and usage, all have different characteristics. Anatolian woven kilim rugs are named as Turk, Yoruk, Turkmens and Afsar, by their design. But in these kilims, a motif can be used in all, taking different names. There are many motifs of the same name that are different and not similar at all.

     

    Cicim Weaving:

     

    Cicim; is a type of weaving which is created by squeezing colored pattern yarns between warp and weft yarns. On the surface of the weave, fluffy patterns are done like those made with a needle. The weft and warp threads that make up the base are usually in the same color and thickness, and the threads that forms the pattern are in different color and thickness.

     

    Types of Cicim Weaving:

    Jijim varies like two jumps or three jumps according to the pattern yarn used.

     

    Double Jumping Jijim Weaving:

    Pattern yarns skip over two warps. According to the design, pattern yarns goes up diagonally, right and left on the back of the fabric. When the pattern yarns complete the order, then it is turn of weft yarn.

     

    Triple Jumping Jijim Weaving:

    Pattern yarns skip over three warps. The same technique is applied to weft-faced twine fabrics.


    Ozgur Karamizrak
    Ozgur Karamizrak

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